Philosophical Practices


Philosophical exercises and games that are suitable for anyone, whatever their objectives and requirements. Philosophy here does not mean philosophy in the academic sense of the word. It means a practical form of philosophy, which involves the individual or group as they embark on a stimulating journey of personal growth.

...for you

For you that wants or needs to change, ideally for the better.
For you that understands the importance of continually injecting fresh motivation into your working life as well as that of your colleagues.
For you that approaches education in a creative way, viewing it as an art in constant need of new forms of expression.

Philosophy for you

A team of professionals who, instead of focusing on their academic ambitions, have chosen to pursue their goal of making philosophy useful and accessible to everyone by giving people the opportunity to test out the soundest philosophical practices.
A network of over twenty individuals working to help institutions and companies to achieve even the most complex professional objectives.

Philosophical Practices

Philosophical practices originated from the German philosopher Gerd B. Achenbach, who in 1981, after completing his doctorate, opened the first ever philosophical counselling practice, giving himself the title of “professional philosopher”. He wanted to give philosophy a use that went far beyond the limited field of German academia in which it was trapped and, in doing so, help the people he advised to rediscover the positive effects that the discipline could have on their existence, irrespective of whether they had any previous knowledge or not.

Philosophical counselling started to spread across Europe in the mid-1980s.

It arrived in the Netherlands and the UK first, before spreading to France, Italy and Spain. This led to the development of new ideas as to how philosophical counselling could be delivered. Philosophical counselling was no longer merely a dialogue between the client and the professional philosopher. Counselling started to be offered within companies, the first forms of philosophical education for children were developed and innovative debating activities started to take place in entertainment establishments. A range of diverse and original philosophical practices were thus developed.

In the 1990s, philosophical counselling and the different practices involved arrived in the US, with Lou Marinoff popularising them with his best-selling book, Plato, Not Prozac. The fact that Marinoff disseminated philosophical practices and the fact they were a perfect fit with counselling – a union that first took place in the English-speaking world – have helped to make philosophical counselling well-known, widespread and widely applied in many different countries today. As a result, an increasingly diverse demographic of people are now able to access and benefit from this experience of personal enrichment.

Philosophical Practices

Philosophical Advice and Counselling

Philosophical counselling is a relationship that provides supports to a person, aiming to alleviate his or her suffering or solve any existential problems he or she may be facing.

It is targeted at people who want to increase their wellbeing by overcoming situations that impact negatively on their lives or by developing certain specific abilities.

It takes the form of interviews, which are mainly one-on-one and which last around an hour each.

The aims of these meeting are generally achieved within 10 or 15 sessions at most.

Philosophical counselling is unusual in that it has an explicit focus on speculative thinking. It does not aim to solve an existential problem, whether incapacitating or not for the person, but to explore the problem using new ways of thinking.

Philosophical Advice and Counselling are intended to serve as catalysts for a person’s psychological and physical wellbeing, as well as their personal growth.

Philosophy for Children and Philosophy for Community

The P4C are a series of philosophical practices which are either specifically designed or adapted for children and young people. They aim to help these users to develop different abilities, such as a critical eye, reasoning skills and a greater awareness of relationships and their value.

The courses can also be adapted for primary school age children, although they are mainly taken by teenagers and pre-pubescent children.

They are structured in cycles of 3 to 5 sessions of varying lengths of time.

The courses are intended to be interactive and sometimes fun, involving the students in the work.

If the course takes places during the school day, it is sometimes recommended that teaching staff take part.

Philosophical Coaching


Philosophical coaching employs tools that are mainly noetic in nature, such as logic, dialectics and reasoning. All of these can be used in different ways and to differing degrees depending on the requirements of the individual or group taking the course. An element it borrows from traditional coaching is its focus on achieving objectives that have been set out before and that are achievable within the medium- to short-term. However, what makes philosophical coaching different is that it gives participants the opportunity to recognise their mission and the values of their profession and/or company more vividly, as well as helping them to apply these to their work more coherently. Philosophical coaching is therefore not only a tactical resource in training sales and frontline staff, but also a strategic means of enforcing a company’s management or top management. It can either be held as one-on-one meetings, which last around an hour each, or group meetings, which are made up of a maximum of 10 people and the frequency of which depends on the objectives set out beforehand.


Preventative Philosophy


Preventative philosophy can be defined as any kind of philosophical counselling that aims to prevent the significant distress experienced by an individual or a small group of people from turning into a medical condition, which then causes them to require another type of specialist treatment. It is primarily targeted at people who are experiencing various forms of abuse or dependency, aiming to make them fully aware of the harm that this can do to them and their loved ones, and to help them, at the same time, understand the value of alternative existential journeys which are axiologically richer and more fulfilling at a personal level. The course can also involve the friends and family of these individuals. It is mainly held as one-on-one meetings, which last around an hour each. The friends and family of the individual undergoing the counselling can either attend alongside the individual or separately.


Healthcare Philosophy


HP involves a whole series of questions regarding healthcare, which can only be resolved through reflection and the use of philosophical paradigms. For example, the right to healthcare and how this should be guaranteed, ethics in the medical and healthcare profession, the business models that are most appropriate for the sector, the role of private healthcare providers and so on. Philosophical advice and counselling can play a role, primarily by exploring the moral issues involved in the doctor/patient relationship, and by training medical and healthcare professionals so that they are able to find solutions to complex bioethical problems and so that they all are more aware of the interpersonal value of the work that they carry out. The service is also open to patients and their family members, offering them support as they face difficult decisions. It can either take the form of consultations on request or it can be held as individual or group training sessions.


Philosophical Advice and Counselling
Philosophy for Children and Philosophy for Community
Philosophical Coaching
Preventative Philosophy
Healthcare Philosophy

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Michele Bagnasacco

  • BA: Philosophy (Catholic University of Milan)
  • Training: Family Counselling (Iuline University)
  • MA: Philosophical Counselling (Salesian Pontifical University)

Advice and Counselling Coordinator
Director of  SOS Humour

Diletta Francesca Rossi

  • BA: Philosophy (Catholic University of Milan)
  • Training: Occupational Psychology (Catholic University of Milan)
  • MA: European Project Planning (International University of Venice)

Philosophical Coaching Coordinator
Director of  Philosophy Works

Claudio Aurelio Marcellino

  • BA: Philosophy (Catholic University of Milan)
  • Training: Management in Graphics/Publishing Firms (CGS, Milan)
  • MA: Human Resources Management and Communication (MIP, Milan)

P4C Coordinator
Director of  Caring People

Dott.ssa Beatrice Ventacoli

  • BA: Filosofia della Mente (Univ V.S. San Raffaele)
  • Training:  Disturbi Specifici dell' Apprendimento (Itard)
  • MA: Philosophical Counselling (Salesian Pontifical University)

P4C Coordinator
Director of Studiare Serenamente


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Paolo Cicale

  • BA: Philosophy (University of Urbino)
  • Training: Bioethics (Catholic University of Milan)
  • MA: Philosophical Counselling (Salesian Pontifical University)

Healthcare Philosophy Coordinator
Director of  Take Care

Marino Vezzoli

  • BA: Philosophy (University of Milan)
  • Training: Transactional Analysis (CPN, Milan)
  • MA: Philosophical Counselling (Italian Society for Philosophical Counselling)

Preventative Philosophy Coordinator
Director of  Freedom Training


  • BA (Bachelor's degree)
  • Training (Advanced training course)
  • MA (Master's degree)
  • Ph. D (Doctor of Philosophy)

To contact directly the partner of interest write to us at welcome@filosofiaperte.it,
stating the name of the person you would like to speak to in the object line


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The sessions for each course may take place online, at your office or at our head office:
Via Mauro Macchi, 8 – 20124 Milan
Telephone:  +390267739013   (Reception office hours 9 am – 1 pm, 2 pm – 6pm)
Email: welcome@filosofiaperte.it

Our head office is easy to get to whether you are travelling by car or public transport:
5 minutes from Porta Venezia (metro: MM1 Porta Venezia), Piazza Lima (metro: MM1 Lima) and Piazza Duca D’Aosta (metro: MM2 Central)
2 minutes from the multi-storey car park at 18 Via Ruggiero Boscovich